Spanish Version

PLANTS AND DYES

In this wonderful process of collective creativity, nature, the Pachamama or Mother Earth continues to entertain us with her gifts, first was the delicate fiber of her children the proud Alpaca, graceful Llama, restless Guanaco and delicate Vicuña. This time it is the fruit of her womb, which in the form of plants, minerals and other portents that were treated with magical colors and endless sources of inspiration for the Andies man to loose rein to his imagination in a fantastic symbiosis, combining the fiber, dyes and elements of nature, and giving birth to amazing pieces of textiles, which are woven into fantastic dreams. These skilled craftsmen, plagued of colors, shapes and designs, create textile works with such mastery that they are now considered the best in the world, recalling the genius, beauty and color of the pre-Columbian textiles, (Paracas, Waris and Incas ) with nuances that illuminate their works of textile art, which to date are the admiration of the world and the pride of Peru. The main natural dyes are Aliso, Antaco or Chamiri, Añil or Indigo, Chilca, Mullaca, Molle, Tare, Ccantu, Cochinilla.

AÑIL O ÍNDIGO

Common Names: Indigo, mutuy cube, Indigo. The indigo is a shrub that grows wild and cultivated with dyeing qualities prized since pre-Hispanic times. The indigo was of great importance in cultures: Tiahuanaco, Wari, Chimu, Chancay and Inca, among others, because of its leaves and stems are a dark blue color obtained in dyeing cotton fibers, used in the manufacture mantles, tunics, unkus, etc. This plant is of Amazonian origin, and it is possible that the coastal cultures as Chancay, Chimu Ancon and the obtained through trade with forest peoples and started cultivation on the coast.

CHILCA

Common names: Black chilca, white chilca; ch'illka. It is a wild and cultivated bush that was used by the ancient artists of the Hispanic cultures, for variety of yellow and green colors. This plant was also highly regarded in medicine, for their antiflamatorias and antirheumatic properties. Historians tell us that this shrub grew in abundance in the valleys of the mountains. The ancient Peruvians also used the wood of this plant for its buildings and making baskets. With the ashes of ragwort, the llipta, chacchar powder cocaine is made. In popular medicine, it is used to treat rheumatism, dislocations of bones and in activating the flow of blood.

YANALI

(Bosconia frutescens Linneo) Shrubby plant family of poppies, used in dyeing to dye yellow. In traditional medicine is used for healing of different wounds, being a powerful anti-inflammatory.

QOLLE

(Budleia coriácea) Native tree, reaching 5 meters high. Flowers 7 mm long, in clusters. Presents thin and long stems with abundant leaves shiny surface. It is a species that has adapted to the different areas of the altiplano. Flowering occurs from January to June, evolving from 3810-4200 meters. In Puno, the leaves of this species are used to relieve pain in mates of the urinary tract and venereal diseases. Also plant infusions and powders are used as leaves scarring. The wood is used in construction and tool making as "rawkanas" and "chaquitajllas" to till the earth and "lloq'ena" to mobilize the reed boats. It is used as a natural dye for wool and fiber.

COCHINILLA

Cochineal is an insect (Dactylopius cocus coast) installed, as a parasite on the leaves of the prickly pear (Opuntia picus cactil), whose sap is fed through an oral stylet. Reproduction takes place in the same tuna, which is housed in colonies. The natural dye extracted from cochineal contains two substances: carmine and carminic acid, which are harmless to man, so it is recommended as a natural dye. Cochineal is traditionally used in Peru since pre-Incan civilizations in aqueous been using alum as a mordant for dyeing cotton and alpaca hair red.